The historic Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) – the biggest trade deal in two decades – was finally signed at a special ceremony in Auckland yesterday.
Twelve countries including Australia formally endorsed the TPP, which covers 40 per cent of global trade.
The TPP will see the elimination of 98 per cent of tariffs among the 12 signatories.
Australia’s exports of goods and services to these countries were worth $109 billion last year – a third of Australia’s total exports. In 2014, Australian investment in TPP countries was 45 per cent of all outward investment.
Tariffs will be eliminated on US$9 billion of Australia’s dutiable exports to TPP countries, including $4.3 billion worth of agricultural goods with new levels of access for beef, dairy, sugar, rice, grains and wine. A further $2.1 billion of Australia’s dutiable exports will receive significant preferential access through new quotas and tariff reductions.
Trade Minister Andrew Robb, who signed the deal on behalf of the Australian Government, said the agreement brings enormous promise across both traditional areas of trade and investment and so-called 21st century areas like e-commerce and increasingly important global value chains.
“The tariff cuts will deliver material gains for our exporters across the board and place downward pressure on the cost of imported goods for households and businesses, but the benefits that will flow from the creation of a more seamless trading environment are not well understood,” he said.
“The embrace of paperless trading, streamlined customs procedures and trading rules, assistance for SMEs, more seamless data flows and greater flexibility with data storage, are all features of the TPP. The agreement also contains provisions to help stimulate new investment and as experience shows, when you deepen trading relations increased investment inevitably follows.”
The TPP sets in place common rules for labour, the environment and for the first time in a trade treaty, rules to combat bribery and corruption. It will also ensure private companies and businesses are able to effectively compete against State Owned Enterprises (SOEs).
Boost for services sector
Significantly, Mr Robb said, the agreement will promote the expansion and diversification of Australia’s world-class services sector by liberalising key barriers, providing more transparent and predictable operating conditions, and it will capture future services sector reforms.
Some of the services areas that will benefit include Mining Equipment Services and Technologies (METS), professional services such as legal, architectural, engineering and surveying services; financial services, education, telecommunications, IT, transport, health, hospitality and tourism. Australian companies will also have new opportunities to deliver government procurement services.
Mr Robb said the TPP – which was open to other countries to join in the future – offered a pathway to a free trade area across the entire Asia Pacific region.
“Given its reach and potential this is an agreement we simply cannot afford not to be part of,” he said.
Each country to ratify the deal
Each TPP country will now follow its own domestic treaty making process before the agreement can enter into force.
In Australia this will include a Joint Standing Committee on Treaties (JSCOT) inquiry and the consideration by the parliament of any implementing legislation or amendments.
Mr Robb said six of the 12 countries have to ratify the agreement before it can come into force.
And those six have to represent 85 per cent of the trade between the 12 countries.
Mr Robb expects most countries to ratify the agreement this year.
“I would assume Australia will do the same,” he said.
“So we might see by the end of this year that it does enter into force.”
TPP members include: Australia, New Zealand, The United States, Canada, Mexico, Japan, Chile, Peru, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam.