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Australia set to rival Qatar as world’s biggest LNG exporter

Australia set to rival Qatar as world’s biggest LNG exporter article image

Australia’s liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports could triple within five years to an annual value of over $50 billion by 2020, according to a new ANZ study.

As production from new fields comes on stream, LNG exports will lift GDP growth and restore a positive balance of trade, the ANZ report suggests.

The report Australia’s Gas Industry: When Markets Collide predicts rising international gas prices over this period due to increasing LNG usage in Asia.

This could grow by more than 40 percent in the next decade, based on rising clean energy demand and consumption increases.

ANZ expects LNG will overtake iron ore as the key driver in Australia’s exports by the end of 2016.

This would have significant long-lasting benefits for the Australian economy including higher taxation receipts, petroleum resource rent taxes and state royalties. 

Australian shareholders will also benefit from higher dividend payments from LNG companies.

The report also highlights that ambitious export commitments from new projects could strain domestic supply. 

Supply shortage

Current low LNG prices and regulatory concerns around coal seam gas are curbing the development of additional capacity, potentially exacerbating a supply shortage. 

If supply issues are not addressed, there is a risk of Australian wholesale prices doubling in the next two years, which would add an average 30 percent to household gas bills.

Australian manufacturers will also be impacted by increased gas prices, especially in the chemicals and metals industries. 

Without mitigation strategies in place, aggregate profitability of heavy gas consumers could drop by 20 percent, with return on equity halved.

ANZ Chief Economist Warren Hogan said: “Fast growing Australian LNG exports will have significant benefits for the Australian economy. However the gas market is set for a dramatic shake-up, with international forces likely to drive domestic prices higher. This will inevitably impact consumers and gas reliant manufacturers.”

An abridged copy of the report is available at www.indepth.anz.com

Report highlights

  • Australia will rival Qatar as the world’s largest LNG exporter by 2018, with annual exports tripling in value from AUD18bn in 2014 to over $50 billion by 2020.
  • LNG will overtake iron ore as the key driver of Australia’s export growth by end of 2016.
  • Asian LNG usage expected to grow 40 percent in next decade, driven by clean energy demand
  • Australian wholesale gas prices could almost double, due to strain on domestic supply.
  • Over US$200bn of investment in Australian LNG projects since 2010 has already seen capacity more than double in last 10 years.

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